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Engineering Teaching & Research Equipment for Schools, Colleges and Universities

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ดาวน์โหลด Catalog ได้ที่นี่ Engineering Teaching Equipment issue 11 catalogue

 

Fluid MechanicsFluid Mechanics

Computer Controlled Subsonic Wind Tunnel Code: C15
Suitable for undergraduate training and project work, the Armfield C15 is a small benchtop wind tunnel with a transparent working section. A wide range of accessories are available, allowing the comprehensive study of subsonic aerodynamics.

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Multi-Purpose Teaching Flume Code: C4MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/c4mkii_01.1385718792.jpg The Armfield Multi-purpose Teaching Flume has been specifically designed to demonstrate the principles of fluid mechanics when applied to engineering structures in open channel flow.

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Fluid Friction Measurements Code: C6MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/c6mkii.1392307782.jpg The Armfield C6MkII provides facilities for the detailed study of fluid friction head losses which occur when an incompressible fluid flows through pipes, fittings and flow metering devices. For use with the Armfield F1-10 Hydraulics bench.

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Complete Fluid Mechanics Laboratory – F1-10  Code: F1
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_10_threequarter_view_co.1395934056.jpg Based around the F1-10 Hydraulics Bench, this range of equipment has been extended and reinforced with an integrated range of hydrostatics teaching accessories and some new hydraulics products. Thus the complete curriculum can be covered.

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Osborne Reynolds’ Apparatus Code: F5
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f5_osborne_reynolds_equipment.1385718839.jpg

A robust item of equipment designed to reproduce the classic experiments of Professor Osborne Reynolds

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Air Flow Studies  Code: F6
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f6_air_flow_studies.1385718839.jpg

The F6 demonstrates the measurement of the important characteristics of industrial air distribution systems, as well as showing how basic principles of fluid mechanics are applied to analyse flow in ducts and jets.

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Fluid Properties & Hydrostatics Bench  Code: F9092
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f9092_cp_01.1385718840.jpg

The F9092 demonstrates the properties of fluids and their behaviour under hydrostatic conditions, enabling students to develop an understanding and knowledge of a wide range of fundamental principles before studying fluids in motion.

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Hydrogen Bubble Flow Visualisation System  Code: F14MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f14.1385718826.jpg

The F14MkII facilitates the viewing of the complex flow patterns associated with water flowing past solid objects or boundaries. The system uses the ‘hydrogen bubble technique’ to clearly show changes in the direction of the water.

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Subsonic Wind Tunnel  Code: C2
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_c2a.1385718802.jpg

The Armfield C2 Subsonic Wind Tunnel provides a comprehensive facility for the study of subsonic aerodynamics. The performance of the tunnel and its instrumentation also make it suitable for simple research projects.

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Flow Meter Demonstration Unit Code: C9
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The Armfield C9 Flow Meter Demonstration Unit is a self-contained facility for the demonstration of the important characteristics of 16 types of flow meter used in the measurement of water flow through pipes or open channels.

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Laminar Flow Table  Code: C10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/c10_laminar_flow_2.1385718787.jpg

The Armfield C10 is designed to simulate ideal fluid flow. Visible flow patterns are created using water as the working fluid, enabling a comprehensive investigation into the principles of potential flow and the modelling of appropriate physical systems.

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Compressible Flow Unit  Code: C1MKII
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Based around a multi-stage air compressor, the C1MkII is designed to teach the concepts of compressible flow. The basic unit will demonstrate the fundamental principles, with an accessory available to give the student a wider understanding.

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Multi-Pump Test Rig  Code: C3MKII
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The C3MkII has been designed to demonstrate the operating characteristics of a series of different pumps. Accommodating both rotodynamic and positive displacement pumps, the unit is supplied with the most common example of each as standard.

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Pipe Surge and Water Hammer Apparatus Code: C7MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/c7mkii_water_hammer.1385718793.jpg

The C7MKII demonstrates pipe surge and water hammer, phenomena which occur when fluid flowing in a pipe is accelerated or decelerated. As associated pressure transients can damage pipework, systems must be designed to avoid or withstand them.

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Pipe Network Apparatus Code: C11MKII
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The C11MKII Pipe Network Apparatus is designed to help students understand the behaviour of pipe networks and predict flow and pressure distributions – essential to the design of systems for the transportation of fluids.

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Precision Pressure Gauge Calibrator Code: F4
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f4_006_precision_pressure_gauge_calibrator.1407769841.jpg

This instrument enables pressure gauges to be accurately calibrated within the range 1 – 300 bar.

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Particle Drag Coefficients Code: F12
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_f12_data.1385718804.jpg

The F12 has been designed to introduce students to the fundamental characteristics of the behaviour of particle/fluid systems, in particular the relationship between the drag coefficients of falling particles and their Reynolds’ number value.

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Dead Weight Pressure Gauge Calibrator Code: F1-11
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_11_dead_weight_guage_calibrator.1385718827.jpg

This calibrator functions on the same principle adopted in calibrating industrial pressure gauges.

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Hydrostatic Pressure Code: F1-12
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_12_rgb.1385718828.jpg

The Hydrostatic Pressure accessory has been designed to determine the static thrust exerted by a fluid on a submerged surface and enable comparison of the measured magnitude and position of this force with simple theory.

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Flow Over Weirs Code: F1-13
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_13_rgb.1385718828.jpg

Two weir plates of different shape are provided enabling familiarisation and comparison with theory.

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Basic Metacentric Height Code: F1-14
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_14_basic_metacentric_height.1385718828.jpg

This equipment enabless a thorough investigation of the factors affecting the stability of a floating body.

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Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration Code: F1-15
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_15_bernoulli_theorem.1385718829.jpg

The Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration accessory illustrates those circumstances to which Bernoulli’s Theorem may be applied. Also, separately, why in other circumstances the theorem gives an inadequate description of the fluid behaviour.

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Impact of a Jet Code: F1-16

http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_16_rgb.1385718829.jpg

This equipment allows the force developed by a jet of water impinging upon a stationary object to be measured.

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Orifice and Free Jet Flow Code: F1-17
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_17_orifice_and_free_jet_flow.1385718830.jpg

This equipment permits calibration of two orifices of differing diameter.

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Energy Losses in Pipes Code: F1-18
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_18_energy_losses_in_pipes.1385718831.jpg

This equipment allows the pressure drop of water passing through a hydraulically smooth circular pipe to be measured in detail and the pipe friction equation to be verified.

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Flow Channels Code: F1-19
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The Flow Channel introduces students to the characteristics of flow in an open channel at an elementary level.

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Osborne Reynolds’ Demonstration Code: F1-20
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_20_osborne_reynolds_demonstrator.1385718831.jpg

This item is intended to reproduce the classic experiments conducted by Professor Osborne Reynolds concerning the nature of laminar and turbulent flow.

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Flow Meter Demonstration Code: F1-21
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This accessory is designed to introduce students to three basic types of flow meter.

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Energy Losses in Bends and Fittings Code: F1-22
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This accessory permits losses in different bends, a sudden contraction, sudden enlargement and a typical control valve to be demonstrated.

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Free and Forced Vortex Code: F1-23
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This equipment is designed to produce and measure the characteristics of free and forced vortices.

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Hydraulic Ram Code: F1-24
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If flowing water is suddenly brought to rest in a long pipe, a phenomena known as water hammer occurs, wherein a pressure wave travels along the pipe. This principle is used in the hydraulic ram to pump water

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Demonstration Pelton Turbine Code: F1-25
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_25_pelton_turbine_demonstration.1385718833.jpg The Demonstration Pelton Turbine provides a simple low cost introduction to turbine performance.

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Series/Parallel Pumps Code: F1-26
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_26_rgb.1385718834.jpg The introduction of a second pump to the Hydraulic Bench system allows the study of two pump performance, both in series and parallel operation.

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Centrifugal Pump Characteristics Code: F1-27
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_27_rgb.1385718834.jpg This accessory offers similar features to those described for the item F1-26 but with enhanced capabilities provided by an inverter driven variable speed pump rather than a fixed speed pump.

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Cavitation Demonstration Code: F1-28
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_f1_28.1385718804.jpg The Armfield Cavitation Demonstration apparatus visually, audibly and numerically demonstrates the phenomenon of Cavitation and its association with the Vapour Pressure of a liquid.

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Fluid Statics and Manometry Code: F1-29
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_29_rgb.1385718835.jpg This apparatus provides an introduction to the behaviour of liquids under hydrostatic conditions (fluid at rest) and the application of these principles to pressure measurement using manometers.

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Fluid Properties Apparatus Code: F1-30
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_30_rgb.1385718836.jpg This apparatus provides an introduction to the fundamental properties of liquids that affect their behaviour in practical applications.

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Pascal’s Apparatus Code: F1-31
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_31_rgb.1385718836.jpg The Pascal’s Apparatus provides a simple demonstration that the pressure in an incompressible fluid varies with depth and does not depend on the shape of the container.

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Demonstration Francis Turbine Code: F1-32
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_32_rgb.1385718836.jpg This demonstration turbine provides a simple low cost introduction to the Francis inward flow reaction turbine showing its construction, operation and performance.

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Pitot Tube Demonstrator Code: F1-33
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_33_rgb.1385718836.jpg The Pitot Tube can be moved across the cross-section of the pipe in order to measure the dynamic head profile.

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Orifice Discharge Code: F1-17a
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_17a_orifice_discharge.1385718830.jpg The Orifice Discharge accessory enables full analysis of the flow through five different orifices over a range of flow rates.

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Armsoft Fluid Mechanics Software Code: F1-301
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/f1_301_rgb.1385718835.jpg Educational software, specifically developed for the Armfield Hydraulics Bench and associated accessories, offering a complete teaching package of coursework and laboratory investigation.

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Ships Vibrations Test Model Code: NA4
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/na4_10_2.1385718893.jpg The NA4-10 is designed to enable students to investigate a simple model hull form for resonance phenomena, clearly demonstrating many of the principal phenomena associated with ship resonant vibration.

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Ships Stability Apparatus Code: NA8
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/na8_2.1385718894.jpg The NA8-10 is designed for the study of ship hydrostatics and stability. A comprehensive manual includes information for a course of practical study in ship hydrostatics, flooding and stability and describes a number of experiments.

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Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator Code: S16
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s16_hydraulicjump_02.1385718905.jpg The S16 operates as an accessory to the F1-10 Hydraulics Bench, offering a highly visual demonstration of flow through both open channels and close conduits. Includes a unique elevating bed section, and models of various hydraulic structures.

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Fluid Mechanies Fluid Machines

Centrifugal Pump Demonstration Unit Code: FM50
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm50.1385718843.jpg

The centrifugal pump is the machine most commonly used to move liquids from one place to another. As such it is a particularly instructive unit that introduces students to the whole subject of rotodynamic fluid machines.

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Series and Parallel Pumps Demonstration Unit  Code: FM51
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm51_5.1385718845.jpg

Centrifugal pumps are often used together to enhance either the flow rate or the delivery pressure beyond that available from the single pump. The FM51 is designed to demonstrate the operational advantages of parallel or series operation.

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Turbine Service Unit Code: FM6X
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm6x_2.1385718851.jpg

The FM6X Turbine Service unit is required to operate the FM60, FM61 and FM62 turbine demonstrations. The unit includes a compact three-phase pump, controlled directly from a PC via the IFD7 interface unit (an essential accessory).

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Centrifugal Fan Demonstration Unit Code: FM40
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm40.1385718843.jpg

The FM40 is a radial flow machine, which produces the necessary pressure to move gas by the centrifugal force built up inside the fan casing. The design of the fan blade has a primary influence on performance.

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Axial Fan Demonstration Unit Code: FM41
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm41.1385718843.jpg The FM41 produces gas flow by virtue of the momentum changes imparted across the rotary blades, parallel to the axis of rotation. Such fans are more suitable for higher flows at lower delivery pressures than their centrifugal counterparts.

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Centrifugal Compressor Demonstration Unit Code: FM42
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm42.1385718843.jpg The FM42 demonstrates, on a small scale, the use of a multi-stage centrifugal compressor, as used in industry for high pressure deliveries of gas flows or suction duties.

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Gear Pump Demonstration Unit Code: FM52
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm52.1385718845.jpg The gear pump is the most widely used of the positive action rotary pumps. The FM52 demonstrates a gear pump in operation, and enables the measurement of constant-speed pump performance and outlet pressure against a range of variables.

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Plunger Pump Demonstration Unit Code: FM53
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm53.1385718845.jpg The FM53 demonstrates a plunger pump, as used in industry to pump small quanities of liquid at high pressures. Electronic sensors measure the instantaneous cylinder pressure within the pump, the pump displacement and the cumulative flow.

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Impulse Turbine Code: FM60
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm60_2.1385718846.jpg The FM60 is a small-scale impulse turbine unit, which is designed to be used in conjunction with the FM6X service unit. An impulse turbine uses the momentum transferred from the impact of a jet of water onto the turbine blades to generate power.

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Reaction Turbine Code: FM61
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm61_2.1385718847.jpg The FM61 is a small-scale reaction turbine unit, which is designed to be used in conjunction with the FM6X service unit. A reaction turbine uses the momentum transferred from the reaction of a jet of water leaving a nozzle to generate power.

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Pelton Turbine Code: FM62
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm62_2.1385718848.jpg The FM62 is a small-scale Pelton turbine unit, which is designed to be used in conjunction with the FM6X service unit. A Pelton turbine uses the momentum transferred from the impact of a jet of water onto its buckets to generate power.

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Propeller Turbine  Code: FM63
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm63_web.1402327467.jpg The FM63 is a self contained, small-scale propeller turbine unit. This fixed blade, axial flow turbine may be considered as the prototype form of a propeller turbine, itself a forerunner of the Kaplan turbine.

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Pump Test Accessory Code: FM64
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fm64_01.1385718850.jpg The FM64 is a compact accessory, which allows the FM6X service unit to be used as a pump test accessory.

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IFD7 Interface Unit Code: IFD7

http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/ifd7.1402398732.jpg

The Armfield IFD7 Interface Unit is an essential accessory to the Armfield FM Series CAPTURE range of engineering education teaching equipment.

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Hydraulics & Hydrology Hydraulics & Hydrology

Vernier Hook & Point Gauges Code: H1
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The Armfield H1 Vernier Hook & Point Gauges are ideal for the measurement of steady state water surface position, as is frequently needed during hydraulic investigations.

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Series Liquid Manometers Code: H12
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A range of general purpose laboratory manometers using liquid displacement to measure differential pressure.

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Computer Compatible Manometer Bank Code: H14/2
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h14_2_2.1385718878.jpg

The Armfield H14/2 is designed to replace banks of manometers when used in conjunction with a number of Armfield products. Sixteen simultaneous pressure measurements can be displayed on a user supplied computer, and the information data logged.

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Laboratory Flumes and Channels for Hydraulic Teaching and Research Studies Code: S
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/New-flumes-data-sheet---cover-shot_restn.1385718894.jpg

Armfield Ltd has been designing and supplying open channel facilities (flumes) to hydraulic laboratories throughout the world for over 50 years. We have now introduced a new suite of standard research flumes, both tilting and fixed bed, available in several working lengths and a variety of operating modes. Also added to the range are computer control and data logging packages for S6MkII Flumes.

 Hull University Total Environment Simulator

View article on Hyrolink (IAHR members only)

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River Flow Simulator Code: S17
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s17_riverflow_simulator_main_armfield.1385718905.jpg The Armfield S17 simulation tank demonstrates river feature formation, including flow and bed load motion, making an excellent introduction to the study of fluvial geomorphology and can also demonstrate sophisticated and advanced concepts for research purposes.

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Glass Sided Tilting Flume Code: S6MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s6mkii.1385718906.jpg One of the most important tools to the hydraulics engineer, the S6MkII laboratory flume features a wide range of optional instruments and models to offer extensive demonstration capabilities in all aspects of open channel flow.

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Advanced Hydrology Study System Code: S12MkII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s12mkii_2.1385718904.jpg The S12 demonstrates significant physical processes found in hydrology and fluvial geomorphology, including rainfall hydrographs for catchment areas of varying permeability, and the formation of river features and the effects of sediment transport.

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Pitot Tubes Code: H30
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h30_1.1385718879.jpg A range of Pitot tubes for the measurement of water velocity in open channels and closed ducts.

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Propeller Velocity Flowmeter Code: H33
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h33_2.1385718881.jpg Used to measure and record very low point velocities in water and other conductive fluids, the H33 uses the change in impedance of a rotating multi-bladed impeller to indicate rotational speed caused by the flowing fluid.

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Wave Probe System Code: H40
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h40_2.1385718882.jpg A simple and robust instrument for the measurement and recording of water waves in hydraulic models and ship tanks, which works on the principle of measuring the electrical conductivity between two parallel wires.

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Laser PIV System Code: H41
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/rtcamandnanolase_2.1385718901.jpg The compact, portable H41 Laser PIV System uses particle image velocimetry to measure, non-intrusively, fluid velocities at multiple points in a flow, at rates of up to 16Hz. An ideal, cost effective tool for research and demonstration.

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Portable Pressure Meter (0 – 2000mBar) Code: H12-8
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h12_8_9_01.1385718877.jpg A versatile, hand held, battery operated portable pressure meter capable of measuring pressures of water or air from 0 – 2000mBar (0 – 1500mmHg).

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Portable Pressure Meter (0 – 140mBar) Code: H12-9
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h12-8-9.1385718876.gif A versatile, hand held, battery operated portable pressure meter capable of measuring pressures of water or air from 0 – 140mBar (0 – 99.99mmHg).

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Miniature Propeller Probes Code: H33-1
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h33_1_2.1385718881.jpg Each probe consists of a sensing head that is mounted at the end of a slim stainless steel stem. A co-axial connector at the top of the stem allows the probe to be connected to the H33-10 Digital Indicator.

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Digital Hook & Point Gauges Code: H1-7/8
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h1_7.1385718878.jpg A direct indicating gauge, which eliminates observation errors due to vernier and scale reading. It can be set to zero anywhere in the operating range to permit easy relative level checking.

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Digital Indicator Code: H33-10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h33_3.1385718881.jpg The Armfield H33-10 Digital Indicator has been developed for use with the miniature propeller probes H33- 1/2/3 where laboratory or field measurement of water velocity is required.

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Tripod Stands Code: H1-10/11
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/h1-2_h1-10.1385718875.gif An adjustable mounting tripod constructed from aluminium alloy, supported by three stainless steel rods secured by thumbscrews. For use with Armfield Hook & Point Gauges and Pitot Tubes.

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Drainage and Seepage Tank Code: S1

http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s1_drainage_and_seepage_tank.1385718905.jpg

Practical demonstration and visualisation are essential elements of fluid flow study. The S1 Drainage and Seepage Tank has been designed to allow students to conduct a highly visual experimental study of flow through permeable media.

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Mobile Bed and Flow Visualisation Tank Code: S2
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_s2.1385718816.jpg Practical demonstration and visualisation are essential to fluid flow study. The S2 enables students to conduct experimental studies of flow through permeable media, including mobile bed situations and two dimensional flow visualisation.

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Rainfall Hydrographs Code: S10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s10_250908_01.1385718902.jpg The S10 demonstrates, on a small scale, the relationship between rainfall and runoff from catchment areas of variable permeability, and the abstraction of ground water by wells, with or without surface recharge from rainfall.

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Ground Water Flow Unit Code: S11

http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s11_01.1385718903.jpg

The S11 provides a small-scale demonstration of the hydrological principles of ground water flow, and their relevance to certain engineering constructions. Particularly suitable for the study of sub-surface water flows.

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Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator Code: S16
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s16_hydraulicjump_02.1385718905.jpg The S16 operates as an accessory to the F1-10 Hydraulics Bench, offering a highly visual demonstration of flow through both open channels and close conduits. Includes a unique elevating bed section, and models of various hydraulic structures.

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Sediment Transport Demonstration Channel Code: S8MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/s8mkii_bg.1385718906.jpg This updated version of the Armfield sediment transport teaching facility allows demonstration of the full range of bedforms that arise in a mobile bed as the flow and/or slope are varied.

Click here for case study

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WaterTreatment Water Treatment

Deep Bed Filter Column Code: W5
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_w5.1385718818.jpg

This laboratory-scale unit operates identically to full-scale granular filters. Tests provide operational data, which may be scaled up to full size, allowing low cost pilot trials of possible filter designs for water and sewage works.

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Aeration Unit Code: W10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/w10_2.1385718928.jpg

The W10 allows the study of the oxygen transfer characteristics of diffused air systems, and the physical and chemical parameters, which influence oxygenation capacity. Essential to the understanding of biological treatment of waste waters.

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Aerobic Digester Code: W11
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/w11.1385718928.jpg

The continuous activated sludge process has been successfully employed in public health engineering installations for nearly a century. The W11 is designed as a comprehensive study facility of this biological water treatment process.

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Flocculation Test Unit Code: W1
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The W1 enables ‘jar tests’ to be conducted on samples of water requiring treatment. The correct dosage conditions to remove colour and turbidity may be established on a laboratory scale as a prelude to full-scale plant operation.

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Sedimentation Studies Apparatus Code: W2
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The Armfield Sedimentation Studies Apparatus provides a facility for studying the basic physical processes involved in sedimentation, including zone formation and hindered settling.

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Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Apparatus Code: W3
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The W3 is designed for students to measure and understand the characteristics of flow through a bed of particles. Such flows occur both naturally in certain ground water situations, and in process plant designs.

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Filterability Index Unit Code: W4
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The W4 enables a water quality test to be conducted on a suspension to be filtered through sand or similar granular media. It can therefore be used in routine control at waterworks, or at a sewage treatment works which employs tertiary filtration.

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Model Sedimentation Tank Code: W7
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The W7 demonstrates the hydraulic characteristics and settling efficiencies of a model settling basin. Deductions can be made as to how non-uniform flows occur, and how these interact with the settling characteristics of suspensions.

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Anaerobic Digester Code: W8
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/w8_2.1385718930.jpg Anaerobic treatment processes involve bacteria which function only in the absence of air. The W8 operates as a bench top training facility, providing operational process data for training or plant design purposes.

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Ion Exchange Unit Code: W9
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_w9.1385718819.gif A low cost, bench-mounted unit designed to demonstrate the use of ion-exchange resins for either continuous water softening or demineralisation. Includes monitoring of break-through’ and regeneration cycles.

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IrrigationWaterManagementIrrigation Water Management

Soil/Water Model Tank Code: FEL2
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel2_soil_water_model_tank.1385718841.jpg A free-standing, self-contained apparatus for laboratory-scale investigations of surface irrigation and related systems, including the surface and sub-surface effects of water application.

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Rainfall Simulator Code: FEL3
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel3_rainfall_simulator.1385718841.jpg The FEL3 can be used in the laboratory or the field for simulated soil erosion and stabilisation studies. Ideal for investigating the relationship between rainfall and soil erosion, and identifying methods by which erosion may be prevented.

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Demonstration Lysimeter Code: FEL6
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel6_demonstration_lysimeter.1385718842.jpg The FEL6 provides a useful means of measuring evapotranspiration by the water-balance method. Suitable for both student project work and demonstrational purposes.

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Soil Moisture Suction Sand Table Code: FEL4
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel4_soil_moisture_suction_sand_table_060.1385718841.jpg Primarily for the derivation of soil moisture characteristic curves, the FEL4 helps in understanding the principle of water retentivity and its relationship with soil moisture levels.

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Demonstration Infiltration Apparatus Code: FEL5
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel5_infiltration_apparatus2.1385718842.jpg The FEL5 provides a simple but effective laboratory demonstration of the infiltration processes which are fundamental to all forms of irrigation study.

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Drain Permeameter Code: FEL10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fel10_drain_permeameter.1385718840.jpg Suitable as a demonstrational tool or for laboratory based testing and research, the FEL10 enables the investigation of field drain filter materials. The unit allows students to determine relative efficiencies and optimum filter/soil combinations.

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Gauging and Control Structures Code: FEX40-3-7
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fex40_gauging_and_control_structures.1385718842.jpg A range of equipment to demonstrate the mode of operation of a variety of control structures, used to establish a command from which water is discharged to an area where it is applied to crops in a surface irrigation distribution network.

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Flumes and Gauging Weirs Code: FEX26-1-11
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/fex26_7_thin_plate_weirs.1385718842.jpg A series of flumes and weirs for the measurement of water flow rates in open channels. Components are manufactured from tough durable materials yet can be easily handled during installation.

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ThermoDynamicsThermodynamics

Temperature Measurement and Calibration Code: TH1

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The Armfield Temperature Measurement and Calibration unit is designed to introduce students to temperature, and how different techniques can be employed to measure this variable.

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Pressure Measurement and Calibration Code: TH2

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The TH2 introduces students to pressure, exploring the concepts of pressure, calibration, engineering units, errors and linearity using a Bourdon pressure gauge and pressure sensor connected to a dead weight pressure calibrator.

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Saturation Pressure Code: TH3

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The TH3 demonstrates how the temperature of water behaves at its boiling point with variation in the absolute pressure. Saturation curves can be generated, and the quality of steam exiting the apparatus can be determined.

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Recycle Loops Code: TH4

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Recycle is a phenomenon, which occurs in everyday life, but can lead to confusion in engineering applications. The TH4 demonstrates recycle, allowing mass and energy balances to be performed under steady and unsteady state conditions.

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Expansion Processes of a Perfect Gas Code: TH5

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The Armfield Expansion Processes of a Perfect Gas apparatus has been designed to introduce students to a range of basic thermodynamic processes using air as the working fluid.

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Heat TranterHeat Transfer

Computer Controlled Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment  Code: HT10XC

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The Armfield HT10XC is a computer controlled service unit, which supports several accessories. These provide a wide range of demonstrations into the modes of heat transfer, factors that affect heat transfer, and some of the associated problems.

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Computer Controlled Heat Exchanger Service Module  Code: HT30XC

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A range of small-scale heat exchangers, designed to illustrate the principles and techniques of indirect heat transfer between fluid streams. Different types of heat exchanger can be mounted on this common benchtop service unit.

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Laws of Radiant Heat Transfer and Radiant Heat Exchange  Code: HT13

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This Armfield accessory has been designed to demonstrate the laws of radiant heat transfer and radiant heat exchange using light radiation to complement the heat demonstrations where the use of thermal radiation would be impractical. The equipment supplied comprises an arrangement of energy sources, measuring instruments, aperture plates, filter plates and target plates which are mounted on a linear track, in different combinations, to suit the particular laboratory teaching exercise chosen.

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Extended Surface Heat Exchanger Code: HT15

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A long horizontal rod, which is heated at one end, provides an extended surface (pin) for heat transfer measurements. Thermocouples at regular intervals along the rod allow the surface temperature profile to be measured. By making the diameter of the rod small in relation to its length, thermal conduction along the rod can be assumed to be one-dimensional and heat loss from the tip can be ignored. 

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Unsteady State Heat Transfer Code: HT17

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Analytical solutions are available for temperature distribution and heat flow as a function of time and position for simple solid shapes which are suddenly subjected to convection with a fluid at a constant temperature. Simple shapes are provided together with appropriate classical transient-temperature/heat flow charts which allow a fast analysis of the response from actual transient measurements.

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Free and Forced Convection Code: HT19

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The Armfield Free and Forced Convection unit has been specifically designed to demonstrate the phenomena of natural (free) and forced convection. Temperature profiles and heat flux over three different heat transfer surfaces can be easily studied.

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Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Code: HT33

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The shell and tube heat exchanger is commonly used in the food and chemical process industries. This type of exchanger consists of a number of tubes in parallel enclosed in a cylindrical shell. Heat is transferred between one fluid flowing through the tubes and another fluid flowing through the cylindrical shell around the tubes.

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Jacketed Vessel with Coil & Stirrer Code: HT34

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Vessel Heating or cooling of a process liquid in a tank, either batchwise or with continuous product feed, is common practice throughout industry.

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Cross Flow Heat Exchanger Code: HT35

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The cross flow heat exchanger is commonly used in applications such as heating, ventilating and air conditioning. It is also encountered as vehicle engine radiator.

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Thermo-Electric Heat Pump Code: HT18C

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Based on a Peltier device, the Armfield HT18C Thermo-electric Heat Pump demonstrates how electrical power can be used to extract heat from a cool surface and transfer it to a hot surface.

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Tubular Heat Exchangers Code: HT31/HT36

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The tubular heat exchanger is the simplest form of heat exchanger and consists of two concentric (coaxial) tubes carrying the hot and cold fluids. In these miniature versions the tubes are separated into sections to reduce the overall length and to allow the temperature at points along both fluid streams to be measured. 

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Plate Heat Exchangers Code: HT32/HT37

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The plate heat exchanger is extremely versatile and commonly used in the food and chemical processing industries. Different combinations of plates and gaskets can be arranged to suit a particular application. The miniature exchanger supplied consists of a pack of plates with sealing gaskets held together in a frame between end plates. Hot and cold fluids flow between channels on alternate sides of the plates to promote heat transfer.

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Linear Heat Conduction Code: HT11/HT11C

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The Armfield Linear Heat Conduction accessory has been designed to demonstrate the application of the Fourier Rate equation to simple steady-state conduction in one dimension.

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Radial Heat Conduction Code: HT12/HT12C

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The Armfield Radial Heat Conduction accessories have been designed to demonstrate the application of the Fourier Rate equation to simple steady-state conduction radially through the wall of a tube. The arrangement, using a solid metal disk with temperature measurements at different radii and heat flow radially outwards from the centre to the periphery, allows the temperature distribution and flow of heat by radial conduction to be investigated.

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Combined Convection and Radiation Code: HT14/HT14C

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A hot surface loses heat (heat is transferred) to its surroundings by the combined modes of convection and radiation. In practice these modes are difficult to isolate and therefore an analysis of the combined effects at varying surface temperature and air velocity past the surface provides a meaningful teaching exercise.

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Radiation Errors in Temperature Measurement Code: HT16/HT16C

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Radiative heat transfer between a thermometer and its surroundings may significantly affect the temperature reading obtained from the thermometer, especially when the temperature of a gas is to be measured while the thermometer ‘sees’ surrounding surfaces at a higher or lower temperature than the gas. The error in the reading from the thermometer is also affected by other factors such as the gas velocity over the thermometer, the physical size of the thermometer and the emissivity of the thermometer body.

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Refrigeration& Air  ConditioningRefrigeration & Air Conditioning

Recirculating Air Conditioning Unit Code: RA3

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The floor standing RA3 Recirculating Air Conditioning Unit features all the facilities of the RA2, plus adjustable recirculation of air, additional sensors, and a recirculation facility via an enclosed climate control chamber.

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Vapour-Compression Refrigeration Unit Code: RA1MKII

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The vapour-compression refrigeration system is the most common refrigeration system used today. RA1MKII is a computer controlled system, which enables the student to gain a thorough understanding of the refrigeration process.

 

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Internal Combustion EnginesInternal Combustion Engines

Automotive Diesel Engine Code: CM12

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The CM12 is a self contained diesel/biodiesel engine test rig, ideal for investigating typical performance parameters. The unit can be linked to a PC and is supplied with both educational software and the manufacturer’s own diagnostic software.

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Axial Flow Turbine Engine Code: CM14

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The Armfield CM14 is an aeronautical axial flow gas turbine engine. Easily connected to the user’s PC, the unit is supplied with powerful educational software to control and measure a wide range of performance variables and record data.

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Gasoline Engine Code: CM11MKII

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The CM11MKII Gasoline Engine is a self-contained gasoline engine test rig, enabling students to investigate a range of performance characteristics. The unit is designed to be linked to a PC, and is supplied with sophisticated educational data acquisition software.

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Structural EngineeringStructural Engineering

Understanding Structural Behaviour – Structural Engineering Teaching Equipment  Code: ST10

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This pioneering new approach to the teaching of structural engineering is a fusion of innovative software, unique hardware and an authoritative textbook, which provides a firm foundation on the understanding of structural behaviour.

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Mechanical EngineeringMAM/SVMechanical Engineering

Mechanical & Automotive Mechanisms Code: MAM

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The Armfield Didactec Sanderson Mechanical & Automotive Mechanisms range is a series of engineering teaching equipment demonstrating the principles of Mechanical Mechanisms, Automotive Mechanisms and Theory of Machines.

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Statics & Vibrations Code: SV

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Statics & Vibrations from Armfield Didactec Sanderson introduces students to Statics, Structures, Vibration, Balancing and Materials Testing theories within mechanical, automotive and civil engineering.

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Chemical Engineering Unit OperationsChemical Engineering Unit Operations

Catalytic Reactors Code: CEU

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CEU utilises the sugar inversion reaction to study the performance of packed bed chemical and biological catalytic reactors. A colorimetric assay is used to determine the degree of conversion using an optical sensor.

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Computer Controlled Chemical Reactor Teaching Equipment  Code: CEXC

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The Armfield CEXC family is a range of chemical reactors specifically developed for the teaching and demonstration of types of chemical reactor to Chemical Engineering students. Real chemical reactions take place within the reactors, and Armfield have developed a number of representative reactions which are easy and safe for students to use in the laboratory environment.

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Fluid Mixing Studies Code: CEKMKII

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New MkII version features precise high speed mixing and computer control with data logging.

Includes LabView software
Flat blade impellor
Rushton turbine impellor
Propellor

> Highly visual, with variable speed mixer with a range of interchangeable impellors
> High speed mixing available, 50 to 2200 rpm  – NEW
> Precise electronic rpm setting  – NEW
> Electronic measurement of torque  – NEW
> Removable baffles
> Data logging software and computer control   NEW
> True Rushton turbine impellor  – NEW
> Precise angle setting for the adjustable flat blade impellors  – NEW
> Optional removable heating/cooling coil with temperature sensor and meter  – NEW



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Fixed and Fluidised Bed Apparatus Code: CELMkII

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The CELMkII is designed to facilitate the study of flow through fixed and fluidised beds of solid particles.

 

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Gaseous Diffusion Coefficient Apparatus Code: CERaMkII

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Apparatus for investigation of mass transfer and gaseous diffusion has traditionally used a capillary tube in a hot water bath, with a travelling microscope used to measure the rate of diffusion over a period of time. Although capable of giving good results, this type of apparatus was not without its disadvantages, particularly ease of use. 

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Distillation Columns Code: UOP3

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Distillation Engineering Teaching Equipment. The UOP3 laboratory-based distillation columns allow safe hands-on practical training for student engineers and plant operators. Available as either a continuous distillation column or a batch-only version for teaching the fundamentals.

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Liquid/Liquid Extraction Unit Code: UOP5
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_uop5.1385718817.jpg Liquid/liquid extraction is a valuable process where separation of one or more components of a liquid mixture is required. The UOP5 demonstrates this process in the laboratory so that students may gain a thorough understanding of the technique.

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Filtration Unit Code: UOP12
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop12_01.1385718919.jpg The UOP12 demonstrates the principles of batch filtration, using a fully functional plate and frame filter system. A continuous, tangential flow microfiltration unit using a hollow fibre filtration cartridge is available as an option.

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Modular Evaporator Family Code: UOP20X
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop20_2.1385718922.jpg The UOP20X family is a modular system of teaching evaporators. Using the various modules, a wide range of configurations can be implemented: rising or falling film; single or double effect; forward, backward or parallel feed.

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Solid/Liquid Extraction Unit Code: UOP4MkII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop4mkii_01_2.1385718924.jpg The UOP4MkII is a laboratory solid/liquid extractor system for teaching the fundamentals of this important unit operation. The equipment utilises a multiple stage, continuous feed, counter current flow, rotary extractor system.

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Corrosion Studies Kit Code: CEQ
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/ceq.1385718796.jpg The Armfield CEQ provides an introduction to corrosion, a significant factor in determining durability and safety of industrial processes. The CEQ allows students to recognise and make provisions for potentially corrosive situations.

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Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column Code: CES
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/ces_01.1385718797.jpg CES demonstrates the absorption of oxygen from air into deoxygenated water, as an example of liquid film controlled absorption. The liquid film mass transfer coefficient can be determined at various mass flow rates of water.

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Liquid Diffusion Coefficients Apparatus Code: CERb
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This laboratory equipment has been designed to enable measurement of molecular diffusivities and, in so doing, to familiarise students with the basic notions of mass transfer theory. 

The liquid diffusivity apparatus (CERb) relates to an equi-molar counter-diffusion process.

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Solids Handling Study Bench Code: CENMkII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/cen_mkii_11.1385718795.jpg The CEN comprises a variety of items which introduce different aspects of solids behaviour. The characteristics of the flow of solid materials are relevant to many process industries, particularly in handling powders, pellets, crystals and aggregates.

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Stirred Tank Reactors in Series Code: CEPMkII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/cepmkii.1389692063.jpg The Armfield Stirred Tank Reactors in Series unit is designed to follow the dynamics of the perfectly mixed multi-stage process. Dynamic behaviour can be studied as can multi-stage chemical reaction.

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Basic Water Cooling Tower Code: UOP6
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop6_01.1385718924.jpg The UOP6 Basic Water Cooling Tower has been designed to give students an appreciation of the construction, design and operational characteristics of a modern evaporative cooling system.

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Gas Absorption Column Code: UOP7
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop7_01.1385718926.jpg The Armfield Gas Absorption Column has been designed to demonstrate the principles of gas absorption, and to provide practical training in the operation of a gas absorption plant.

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Laboratory Steam Generator Code: UOP10
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop10mkiiweb.1403011581.png The UOP10 is an advanced boiler, providing a constant, steady supply of steam. The compact unit requires only connection to water and electrical supply for operation.

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Crystallisation Unit Code: UOP14
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop14_02.1385718920.jpg The UOP14 enables laboratory demonstration of crystallisation, where the separation of one or more components of a liquid is required. The unit demonstrates an industrially important type of crystallisation, solution cooling crystallisation.

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Fixed Bed Adsorption Unit Code: UOP15
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop15_01.1385718921.jpg The UOP15 demonstrates the adsorption of a solute, carbon dioxide, from a binary gas mixture onto the surface of a solid adsorbent, activated carbon. Adsorption and desorption processes take place within a fixed bed adsorption column.

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Computer Controlled Tray Dryer Code: UOP8MKII
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/uop8mkii_tray_drier.1385718926.jpg This small-scale benchtop tray dryer dries solids by passing a stream of hot air over trays of wet material, a method commonly used in industry. It is applicable to the unit operations laboratory and also to Food Technology education and research.

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Biochemical EngineeringBiochemical Engineering

Batch Enzyme Reactor Code: BE1

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A batch enzyme reaction system utilising the industrially important glucose isomerisation reaction (converting glucose to fructose), the BE1 demonstrates batch enzyme kinetics and enzyme characteristics.

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Chromatography Unit Code: BE2

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The BE2 system demonstrates several varieties of low pressure liquid chromatography such as ion-exchange and hydrophobic interaction. A range of separation methods are displayed, including particle charge and molecule hydrophobicity.

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Anaerobic Reactors Code: BE3/BE4

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Armfield is proud to present two new ANAEROBIC REACTORS. These units can be operated in different configurations making them extremely versatile and suitable for both educational and research purposes.

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Process Control TechnologyProcess Control Technology

Multifunction Process Control Teaching System  Code: PCT40
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The Armfield PCT40 system provides a cost-effective way of teaching a wide range of process control techniques in a simple basic unit. More advanced aspects of process control can be addressed by adding optional extras to the system.

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Essentials of Process Control Code: PCT50
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The ‘Essentials of Process Control’ (EPC) range features easy to use, highly visual and self-contained products and software, ensuring that students have a clear understanding of the principles, yet the exercises are advanced enough to provide students with a thorough grounding in Process Control.

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Process Plant Trainer (Process Control Trainer) Code: PCT23MkII
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The PCT23MkII demonstrates a complete range of process control methods and strategies, including manual control, single feedback loops, cascade loops and distributed supervisory control of the process by a remote PC.

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Process Vessel Accessory Code: PCT41
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The PCT41 extends the capability of the basic PCT40 by adding an additional process vessel, complete with a heating/cooling coil and a stirrer. Again the inputs and outputs are brought to the quick release manifold block. The PCT41 also includes a conductivity probe to allow cost effective fluid property demonstrations to be performed.

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pH Sensor Accessory Code: PCT42
http://www.asithailand.com/images/ducom/moreinfo.gif The PCT41 includes a conductivity probe as part of the basic supply. This conductivity probe can be used to demonstrate fluid property control systems, without the maintenance problems, which can be experienced with pH probes. However, as pH control is probably the most common industrial application of this type of control system, users may wish to implement true pH control loops. This can easily be implemented by adding the PCT42 pH sensor accessory to the combined PCT40 + PCT41 system.

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Electronic Control Console Code: PCT43
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/pct43.1385718897.jpg The PCT 43 is an electronic control console that can be used to control the PCT40 (+PCT41/42) instead of a computer. It includes controls for the pumps, valves and heater, plus a display for the sensors. It incorporates a commercial PID controller, complete with RS232 interface. Other facilities include 4-20mA interfaces and selector switches to allow many of the different configurations to be implemented without using external jumper connections.

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Pneumatic Valve Module Accessory Code: PCT44
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/pct44.1385718897.jpg The PCT44 is a pneumatic control valve, plus associated components, for use with the PCT40/41 system. Retaining the flexible concept of the whole range, it can be plumbed into many of the flow control loops, and provides a good illustration of pneumatic valve technology.

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Industrial PID Controller Code: PCT20H
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_pct20.1385718815.jpg The PCT20H PID controller connects to selected Armfield equipment, providing an analogue input/output, relay and alarm sockets for a digital output control action. An RS232 port allows serial communications with a user-provided PC.

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Industrial PLC Unit Code: PCT19BR
http://discoverarmfield.com/media/filter/s/img/d_pct19.1385718815.jpg The PCT19BR Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) enables multi-channel compatibility with selected equipment from the Armfield range. Accepts six analogue and eight digital input signals, and provides two analogue and eight digital outputs for use in a wide variety of control loops.

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FoodTechnologyFood Technology

Laboratory Pasteuriser Code: FT75

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The FT75 is an example of modern high temperature, short time (HTST) pasteurisers used in food production. Utilising a three stage plate heat exchanger, it provides an excellent example of a production line approach to food manufacturing.

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UHT/HTST System Code: FT74XTS

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A miniature-scale UHT/HTST processing system optimised for product development use. The FT74XTS service unit will enable research and development teams to produce high quality samples of new products using minimal ingredients.

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Cheese Vat Code: FT20MkII

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A simple, practical and student friendly means of demonstrating the cheese making process. The FT20Mkll operation is comparable to industrial-scale manufacturing, giving hands-on experience of process monitoring and control.

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Contact Plate Freezer Code: FT34MkII

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The FT34Mkll demonstrates an industrial fast freezing process in a simple, practical and student friendly configuration. It directly illustrates the large improvements in taste and texture that can be achieved by fast freezing processes.

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Laboratory Hammer Mill Code: FT2

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The mill consists of a simple but sturdy overhung beater cross design with ease of accessibility and cleaning. The four armed cross revolves at a high speed, shattering or tearing anything fed in.

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Ribbon and Cone Blender Code: FT5

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The FT5 features a four litre stainless steel batch mixing vessel and an electrically driven interrupted helical ribbon. The speed of the blender can be varied and measured, in order to study effects of speed on the mixing process.

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Pressure Homogeniser Code: FT9

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The Armfield Pressure Homogeniser fulfills the need for a laboratory size unit to permit small batches to be processed and evaluated before proceeding to full-scale production design and operation. It permits reproducible tests to be carried out using only a few litres of food material

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Plate and Frame Filter Press Code: FT14

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This type of filter is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical and distilling industries. The FT14 has been designed to allow clear demonstration of the mode of operation as well as experimentation for scale-up to industrial processes.

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Disc Bowl Centrifuge Code: FT15

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The FT15 is designed to provide practical training in the technique of separating a heavy phase liquid from a lighter phase liquid, with particular emphasis on the separation of cream from milk. Throughputs of up to 125 litres/hour are possible.

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Cross Flow Membrane Filtration Code: FT17

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The Armfield FT17 is a lab-scale system for evaluating membranes in a cross flow filtration application enabling rapid determination of cross flow filtration performance using a range of membrane types with small product volumes (1 litre). It can also be used in teaching applications to demonstrate features of different membrane types and the effect of varying filtration variables.

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Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit Code: FT18

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A laboratory-scale Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit (RO/UF). The FT18 module is supplied with two different membranes; one used for reverse osmosis, the other for ultrafiltration. Provides practical training in important downstream processing techniques.

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Autoclave Code: FT19

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The Armfield Autoclave is a batch sterilising unit designed primarily for in-bottle production of sterilised milk. It enables the investigation of the effect of temperature/time parameters on flavour and the sterilisation process.

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Rising Film Evaporator Code: FT22

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The Armfield Rising Film Evaporator is a floor-standing unit, designed to provide practical training for the operation of large modern evaporator equipment in industry.

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Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger Systems Code: FT25

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Armfield miniature-scale heat exchanger systems enable developers to run small trials, which provide enough information to enable scale-up to larger plant with confidence. A wide range of configurations are available.

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CentriPeel Centrifuge Code: FT27

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The CentriPeel centrifuge is a basket type separator, designed to save time in R&D operations. The FT27 can be operated at up to 400G, reducing the hours typically required for gravity setting a liquid to just a few minutes.

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Oil Extraction Screw Press Code: FT28

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The FT28 is a relatively simple, small-scale capacity press, suitable for laboratory work. Seed or ground meal is gravity fed to the press from an integral feed hopper, with variable press cake thickness.

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Batch Solvent Extraction and Desolventising Unit  Code: FT29

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The FT29 is a batch process unit suitable for teaching and research. Capable of a variety of solid/liquid extractions, it is particularly suitable for leaching edible oils from seeds and desolventising extracted solids and miscella.

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Fluidised Bed Dryer Code: FT31

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A simple, compact fluidised bed dryer, conveniently portable and easy to operate. The Fluidised Bed Dryer offers a number of significant advantages when compared with conventional drying techniques.

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Drum Dryer Code: FT32

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A laboratory-scale Drum Dryer, designed for food, chemical and pharmaceutical research. The FT32 can be used for both product development and education, demonstrating the many drum drying applications.

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Vacuum Freeze Dryer Code: FT33

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The Armfield Vacuum Freeze Dryer is a compactly designed unit with an insulated working chamber 300mm diameter x 385mm deep. It incorporates a built in refrigeration system and temperature controlled heating system.

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Blast and Fluid Bed Freezer Code: FT36

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The Armfield Blast and Fluid Bed Freezer combines these two important industrial processes into one scaled-down freezer cabinet. The unit enables the detailed study of the batch blast freezing process.

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Multi-purpose Processing Vessel Code: FT40

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A vital stage in the preparation of food products is the accurate addition and mixing of ingredients. The FT40 provides a 20 litre jacketed vessel, fitted with an emulsifying mixer, and incorporates heating and chilling capabilities.

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Laboratory Pasteuriser Code: FT43

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The FT43 is a benchtop unit, designed to provide practical training for the operation of a large modern pasteurising plant. The unit may also be used for project work, to measure the effects of different process conditions on product quality.

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Continuous In-line Deaerator

Code: FT51

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The Armfield FT51 Continuous In-line Deaerator unit has been designed to mirror the industrial processes of vacuum deaeration. This unit enables small quantities of food and other liquid products to be processed conveniently in the lab.

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Laboratory Process Chiller Code: FT63

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The FT63 is a recirculating process chiller, providing a continuous supply of chilled liquid to serve as cooling fluid when used with an Armfield miniature-scale processing unit. Particularly suitable for use with an Armfield FT74/FT74XTS UHT system.

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Neutraliser / Washer / Bleacher Code: FT66

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The Armfield FT66 is a floor-standing batch processing vessel capable of carrying out the important pre-refining stages on small quantities of crude edible oils. Suitable for teaching/training and research and development.

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Hydrogenation Unit Code: FT67

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The FT67 is a floor-standing batch processing vessel, used to adjust the degree of saturation of 25 litre batches of edible oils. An integral part of the edible oil processing line, for use in teaching/training and research and development.

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Deodorising Unit Code: FT68

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The Armfield FT68 Deodorising Unit is a floor-standing batch processing vessel, suitable for steam stripping of fatty acids from edible oils. For use in teaching/training and research and development.

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Sterile Filling System Code: FT83

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The FT83 is a small-scale, cost effective solution to producing sterile packaged samples with excellent shelf life. Features a working chamber with a controlled, clean environment, and facilities to sterilise product paths and control filling.

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Loop Hydrogenation Pilot Plant Code: FT87

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The FT87 Hydrogenation system implements the pumped loop system of agitation widely used in industrial scale plants. In this way the system accurately reproduces the performance of these industrial plants.

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Dual Purpose Hydrogenation and Interesterification Plant  Code: FT88

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The FT88 is very similar to the FT87, with the added capability of being used for interesterification. It is designed to perform trans or intra esterification of different oils and fats using sodium methoxide catalyst.

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Benchtop Rapid Extractor Code: FT110

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The Armfield FT110 Benchtop Rapid Extractor is used to extract the active constituents from small (1 litre) samples of materials.

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Laboratory-scale Rapid Extractor Code: FT111

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Ideally suited to product development purposes, the Armfield FT111 Laboratory-scale Rapid Extractor is used to extract the active constituents from materials in laboratory-scale batch sizes.

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Mixing Vessels Code: FT140

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Armfield FT140 Multipurpose Mixing Vessels are designed and constructed using high quality hygienic industry standard materials. These tanks are available in three models in varying configurations (see table) and are available in 50l and 100l volumes. All three models have an internal surface made of AISI 316 stainless steel.

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HTST/UHT Mini Pilot System Code: FT94X

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The Armfield FT94X HTST/UHT Mini Pilot system extends the range of continuous operation scaled-down units offered by Armfield to 200 l/hr (30-100 l/hr standard format).

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Carbonator/Filler Code: FT102X

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The Armfield FT102X miniature-scale carbonator enables precise and flexible carbonation and filling in the laboratory, dramatically improving the speed with which new products can be developed.

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Modular Miniature-scale HTST/UHT Process System  Code: FT174X

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Treats products at flow rates of 20-60 l/hr. Modules available for: direct/indirect heating; aseptic processing; upstream/downstream homogenization; additional chilling. Options enable multiple modules to be included in the same system, giving high process adaptability.

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UHT Mini Pilot System Code: FT94LT

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Due to the increased demands from Marketing departments, food and beverage manufacturers R&D teams are required to prepare increasingly larger volumes of sample product. As a result, Armfield Ltd has developed the new FT94LT Mini Pilot System complete with Tubular Heat Exchanger. The new FT94LT is a cost effective HTST/UHT processing system, based on a tubular heat exchanger only, with a range of options including data logging, to tailor the product to your requirements.

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Carbonator – Filler – FT102LT Code: FT102LT

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The Armfield FT102X has a well deserved reputation for being simply the best Carbonator-Filler on the market. The new Armfield FT102LT utilises the same technology and most of the features and benefits, in a smaller, more cost effective package.

 

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Microwave UHT Add-on Code: FT84-12

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The Armfield Microwave UHT/HTST unit has been developed for the rapid heating of various types of viscous, non-viscous and even non-homogeneous products. Product temperatures up to 160°C can be reached.

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Butter Churn and Butter Making Accessories Code: FT21/21A

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The Armfield Butter Churn provides pratical training in the preparation of butter by the traditional method, and allows the investigation of the effect of process temperature and agitation time in the agitation process.

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Multifunction Laboratory Mixers Code: FT141/142

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The Armfield FT141 and FT142 are versatile batch processing vessels, the FT142 having UHT capability. They are suitable for high shear mixing, dispersing, homogenising, emulsifying, evaporation and vacuum deaerating.

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Spray Dryer Code: FT30MkIII

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The FT30MkIII is a bench mounted unit, designed for the rapid assessment of processes involving aqueous emulsions, solutions, suspensions and colloids. The spray dryer processes a liquid product, producing a dry, fine powder.

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Tall Form Spray Dryer and Chiller Code: FT80/FT81

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The FT80 Tall Form Spray Dryer and FT81 Spray Chiller are purpose designed to allow laboratory quantities of products to be processed. Despite the small-scale, the powders produced will be comparable to large-scale production.

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Homogenisation Sub-Systems Code: FT90/FT91

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The FT90 and FT91 are complete in-line homogenisation sub-systems for use with Armfield miniature-scale food processing equipment.

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Cheese Vat & Cheese Making Accessories Code: FT20/FT20A

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The Armfield Cheese Vat is designed to provide practical training in the production of cheese by the traditional method. When making Cheddar type cheese, approximately 1kg of cheese is produced from a ten litre batch of milk.

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